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Supreme Court rules federal carbon pricing law constitutional – Toronto Star

April 6, 2021

The Supreme Court of Canada upheld the federal carbon pricing law in a judgement issued on March 25. The Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act, 2018 (GGPPA) requires that provinces implement a carbon gas pricing system that meets minimum national standards by January 1, 2019 or adopt one imposed by the federal government. The split 6-3 decision found that climate change causes harm beyond provincial boundaries and is a matter of national concern under the ‘peace, order and good government’ (POGG) clause of the Constitution.

Three provinces (Saskatchewan, Ontario and Alberta) challenged the constitutionality of the GGPPA. Courts of appeal for Ontario and Saskatchewan did find the GGPPA constitutional while the Alberta Court of Appeal found it to be unconstitutional. At issue was whether the federal government had the authority to pass a law that put a price on carbon.

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