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What you need to know about the Robinson Huron Treaty – Hamilton Spectator

April 11, 2023

The treaty, the first of its kind, ensured Indigenous people could hunt and fish on the ‘ceded territory’

The Robinson Huron Treaty is a historic, constitutionally recognized, legally binding agreement, signed on Sept. 9, 1850, between the British Crown and the Ojibway Nations of the north shore of Lake Huron.

The Robinson Huron treaty includes much of the lands known today as Muskoka, including Huntsville, Ontario.

William Benjamin Robinson, on behalf of Her Majesty, The Queen, and 17 First Nations chiefs, signed the treaty on behalf of their bands. The Robinson Huron treaty states, “two thousand pounds of good and lawful money of Upper Canada, to them in hand paid, and for the further perpetual annuity of six hundred pounds of like money, (approximately $2,400), the same to be paid and delivered to the said Chiefs and their Tribes at a convenient season of each year.”

In 2010, The Robinson Huron Litigation Fund was established, it states, “our purpose is to undertake and pursue litigation and/or negotiations related to the Annuities Claim on behalf of Settlors of the Trust and/or their members who receive, or are entitled to receive, annuities under the Robinson Huron Treaty of 1850.”

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